MANN Family History
This Germanic name, of self-evident derivation-?man?, a strong fully developed man, may be German, Dutch, Jewish (Ashkenazic) or English. The other derivation most often given, is that the name was an occupational one, denoting a servant, Both of these main derivations are of medieval origin. The Jewish surname may, however, be a shortening of the medieval Germanic personal name ?Manna?, that is in addition to the derivation first given, which may also be Jewish.
The surname in Germany ranks at 104th with a population of approximately 25, 000. It is most often found in the provinces of Niedersachsen, Baden-Wuerttemburg, Sachsen and Hessen; there are also a goodly number in Berlin.
One famous family in Germany were of the Hanseatic ruling elite in the 19th century City Republic of Luebeck in North Germany. Their coat of arms bore the single figure of Hermes or Mercury on a blue field.
As a German and Austrian surname, early immigrant bearers arrived in New York in the wave of German migration at the beginning of the 18th century. The 1920 U.S. Federal Census records 1041 families of Mann in New York State, 777 families in Illinois, 699 in Pennsylvania and 694 in Ohio: all areas of German settlement, which would indicate the Germanic provenance of this surname in the U.S.A.
In modern times the surname in the U.S.A ranks at 349th with a population of 81,022 bearers.
Two Famous Bearers
Thomas Mann (1875-1955): born in Luebeck, Germany, he is widely regarded as one of the 20th century?s greatest writers. His great novels ?Buddenbrooks - Verfall Einer Familie? (1902) and ?Der Zaubeburg? or ?The Magic Mountain?(1924) won him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1929. A film of his short story ?Der Tod in Venedig? or ?Death in Venice? (1912), starring Dirk Bogarde was made by Lucino Visconti in 1971 . Mann?s work wrestles with the authenticity of self in the context of great themes such as nationalism, culture and war.
Henry Berthold Mann (1905 - 2000): born in Vienna, he was a professor of Maths and Stats at Ohio State University, and won the Cole Prize in 1946 for proving the Scnirelmann-Landau conjecture in number theory. His innovations in statistical theoryearned him widespread academic praise. He published a ground breaking work, ?Analysis and design of experiments...? (1949)